Using AnCP (Aspergillus nidulans CCAAT-binding protein) as a CCAAT-specific binding factor model, the possibility that one factor is able to recognize CCAAT sequences in several different genes in A. nidulans was examined. DNase I protection analysis showed that AnCP specifically bound to CCAAT sequence-containing regions comprising 21 to 36 bp of the taa, amdS and gatA genes. Furthermore, replacement of the CCAAT sequence with CGTAA was found to abolish the binding of AnCP and to have an inhibitory effect on taa promoter activity. This clearly demonstrates a positive function of the CCAAT element. However, amylase was induced by starch and repressed by glucose in a CCAAT-box disruptant, as in wild-type cells.