Histamine H1- and H2-receptor vasodilation of canine intestinal circulation

Am J Physiol. 1977 Sep;233(3):E219-24. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1977.233.3.E219.


Studies were conducted in anesthetized dogs to determine whether the mesenteric vasodilator response to histamine is mediated by H1 receptors alone or whether H2 receptors are also involved in the response. Evidence favoring a role for both receptors included: 1) the vasodilator response to histamine was inhibited by either the H1-receptor antagonist, tripelennamine, or the H2-receptor antagonist, metiamide; 2) both the H1 agonist, 2-methylhistamine, and the H2 agonist, 4-methylhistamine, induced dilator responses in the mesenteric circulation; and 3) two temporal patterns of vasodilation could be distinguished, namely a transient spike and subsequent fade of blood flow (seen with either the H1 agonist or with histamine after H2-receptor blockade) and a sustained and stable increase in flow (seen with either the H2 agonist or with histamine after H1 blockade). Metiamide appeared to be a potent inhibitor of the mesenteric vasodilator response to histamine at least equal to tripelennamine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Histamine / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Mesenteric Arteries / physiology*
  • Methylhistamines / pharmacology
  • Metiamide / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Histamine / physiology*
  • Receptors, Histamine H1 / physiology*
  • Receptors, Histamine H2 / physiology*
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Tripelennamine / pharmacology
  • Vasodilation*


  • Methylhistamines
  • Receptors, Histamine
  • Receptors, Histamine H1
  • Receptors, Histamine H2
  • Tripelennamine
  • Metiamide
  • Histamine