Disability resulting from occupational low back pain. Part II: What do we know about secondary prevention? A review of the scientific evidence on prevention after disability begins

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Dec 15;21(24):2918-29. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199612150-00025.


This is the second of two papers that systematically review available scientific evidence on the causes of disability from occupational low back pain, and the effectiveness of interventions to prevent it after its onset (secondary prevention). This paper reviews the national history of how back pain and the risk factors for its extension into chronic disability, followed by a critical summary of intervention studies attempting to reduce the duration of this disability, and to evaluate the results.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / complications*
  • Low Back Pain / prevention & control
  • Low Back Pain / rehabilitation
  • Occupational Diseases / complications*
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control
  • Occupational Diseases / rehabilitation
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome