Effect of tourniquet use on blood loss and incidence of deep vein thrombosis in total knee arthroplasty

J Arthroplasty. 1997 Apr;12(3):291-6. doi: 10.1016/s0883-5403(97)90025-5.


Tourniquet time and its relationship to blood loss and deep vein thrombosis were studied in 80 cases of unilateral total knee arthroplasty. These data were part of a prospective multicenter double-blind study on thromboprophylaxis for knee surgery. This study reports on the cases done at one institution in which the tourniquet was used in three different ways: group 1, no tourniquet use; group 2, limited tourniquet use for cementing time only; group 3, tourniquet use throughout the whole case. Blood loss was significantly related to tourniquet time (P = .0001). The incidence of deep vein thrombosis was not related to the tourniquet group (P = .9).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / surgery
  • Blood Loss, Surgical*
  • Cementation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Prosthesis*
  • Male
  • Osteoarthritis / surgery
  • Prospective Studies
  • Thrombosis / etiology*
  • Time Factors
  • Tourniquets* / adverse effects