NSAID gastroenteropathy: past, present and future

Can J Gastroenterol. 1996 Nov-Dec;10(7):451-9. doi: 10.1155/1996/850710.


The toxicity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the gastrointestinal tract continues to be a major limitation to their use in the treatment of inflammatory disorders. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of NSAID enteropathy has facilitated the development of novel NSAIDs that spare the gastrointestinal tract. In particular, identification and characterization of the inducible form of prostaglandin synthase has led to the design of novel NSAIDs that specifically target that enzyme. The pathogenesis of NSAID gastroenteropathy is reviewed, as are the strategies that have been used in the past and are used now to develop NSAIDs that spare the gastrointestinal tract. Also reviewed are the strategies being employed to achieve this goal in the future.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacology
  • Aspirin / adverse effects
  • Aspirin / chemistry
  • Aspirin / pharmacology
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Chemoprevention
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Drug Design
  • Forecasting
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / classification
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / drug effects
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / metabolism


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
  • Aspirin