Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication was first performed in 1991. With the increasing number of these procedures being performed it is appropriate to review the published short-term results. A retrospective review of reports on this subject was performed. There were a total of 2453 patients available for review. Twenty-five of 2453 (1.0%) patients had an esophageal or gastric perforation and 28 of 2453 (1.1%) patients required transfusion for bleeding. Forty-nine of 2453 (2%) patients developed a pneumothorax. Two of 2453 (0.1%) patients required a splenectomy. Conversion to the open procedure was necessary in 5.8% (143 of 2453) of patients. The laparoscopic approach is associated with minimal postoperative morbidity. Four of 2453 (0.2%) needed further early surgery for persistent bleeding, 11 of 2453 (0.4%) for a missed perforation, 22 of 2453 (0.9%) for crural disruption, paraesophageal herniation, or gastric volvulus. Four of 2453 (0.2%) patients died of either a missed duodenal perforation, a missed esophageal perforation, ischemic bowel with mesenteric thrombosis, or myocardial infarction. Early postoperative dysphagia occurred in 500 of 2453 (20.3%) patients. Late postoperative dysphagia occurred in 114 of 2068 (5.5%), with the need for dilatation in 72 of 2068 (3.5%). Endoscopy was required for food impaction in 11 of 2068 (0.5%) and re-operation for dysphagia occurred in 18 of 2068 (0.9%). Fifty-seven of 1658 (3.4%) patients developed reflux symptoms and 11 of 1658 (0.7%) required revisional surgery. Satisfaction rates ranged from 87 to 100%. In the short term, laparoscopic fundoplication can be performed with less morbidity and mortality than the open procedure. It is superior to medical therapy. Long-term follow-up is awaited.