Ocular findings in children operated on for plagiocephaly and trigonocephaly

Childs Nerv Syst. 1996 Nov;12(11):683-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00366151.


Clinical examination of patients affected by plagiocephaly or trigonocephaly reveals evident malformation of the orbits, and the ocular repercussions are pronounced when children are operated on at an advanced age. Since it is generally accepted that binocular vision is fully developed by approximately 6 months of age, a late correction of plagiocephalic or trigonocephalic skull deformities may be an obstacle to the development of normal visual function. For the present report we investigated astigmatism and strabismus in 53 children, 39 of whom were operated on for plagiocephaly and 14 for trigonocephaly. Traction on the ocular globe induced by the bony deformation caused by the craniosynostosis may explain astigmatism and strabismus.

MeSH terms

  • Astigmatism / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniosynostoses / diagnostic imaging
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery*
  • Craniotomy / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Orbit / abnormalities
  • Orbit / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbit / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Strabismus / diagnosis*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology