"Cavernous sinus EEG": a new method for the preoperative evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy

Epilepsia. 1997 Apr;38(4):472-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1157.1997.tb01738.x.


Purpose: In presurgical evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), invasive methods are necessary if results of various noninvasive methods are not sufficiently convergent enough to identify the epileptogenic area accurately. To detect the epileptiform discharges originating specifically from the mesial temporal lobe, we applied the cavernous sinus catheterization technique.

Methods: We placed Seeker Lite-10 guide wire electrodes into bilateral cavernous sinus through the internal jugular veins to record EEG (cavernous sinus EEG) in 6 patients with intractable TLE. Scalp EEG was simultaneously recorded in all 6 and electrocorticogram (ECoG) was also recorded in 4.

Results: The cavernous sinus EEG demonstrated clear epileptiform discharges, sometimes even when they were absent on the simultaneously recorded scalp EEG. The epileptiform discharges recorded from the cavernous sinus electrodes were specifically associated with those in the mesial temporal region on ECoG. Ictal EEG pattern originating from mesial temporal lobe was also clearly documented on the cavernous sinus EEG.

Conclusions: This new, semi-invasive method of identifying epileptogenic areas can detect the epileptiform discharges specifically arising from the mesial temporal lobe; it is as useful as or complements the invasive techniques such as foramen ovale or depth recording.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Mapping
  • Catheterization
  • Cavernous Sinus*
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
  • Electrodes
  • Electroencephalography / instrumentation
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / diagnosis*
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / physiopathology
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / surgery
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Preoperative Care
  • Temporal Lobe / physiopathology*
  • Temporal Lobe / surgery