Practitioner review: assessment and treatment of sleep disorders in children and adolescents

J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1996 Nov;37(8):907-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1996.tb01489.x.


Sleep disorders in children are diverse in type, common, often serious in their effects yet neglected in professional education. They complicate many psychiatric disorders and can cause various cognitive and behavioural problems as well as more widespread difficulties in the family as a whole. Accurate assessment allows an appropriate choice from the various types of treatments that are now available but often under used. Diagnostic points and treatment approaches are outlined for the three main categories of childhood sleep disorder: sleeplessness; excessive sleepiness; and episodic disturbances related to sleep (parasomnias). The need for more widespread awareness of and provision for sleep disorders is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / therapy
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders / diagnosis
  • Child Behavior Disorders / etiology
  • Child Behavior Disorders / therapy
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Sleep Stages
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / therapy