Mutation analysis of coding sequences of the entire transforming growth factor beta type II receptor gene in sporadic human colon cancer using genomic DNA and intron primers

Oncogene. 1997 Mar 13;14(10):1255-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1200938.

Abstract

Mutations in the transforming growth factor beta type II receptor (TGFbeta RII) gene have been detected in several human cancers exhibiting microsatellite instability. To extend analyses of this gene, we previously investigated the exon-intron organization of the TGFbeta RII gene and defined seven exons and flanking intron sequences. In this study, we further determined the nucleotide sequences surrounding these seven exons and designed eight sets of intron-based primers to examine the entire coding region of the TGFbeta RII gene. Using these primers, we screened genomic DNA sequences from 30 sporadic colorectal cancers for mutations of the TGFbeta RII gene. TGFbeta RII mutations were detected in two of 30 tumors and both displayed microsatellite instability. One had a deletion in a polyadenine tract in exon 3 and the other had a point mutation in the kinase domain located in exon 7. There were no mutations in exons 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6. These results further implicate the polyadenine tract and kinase domain as mutational hotspots in the TGFbeta RII gene in cells with genomic instability and suggest that TGFbeta RII gene mutations occur rarely in cells lacking genomic instability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Colonic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colonic Neoplasms / ultrastructure*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA Primers*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Introns*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / genetics*

Substances

  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U52246