Examining the Specificity of Src Homology 3 Domain--Ligand Interactions With Alkaline Phosphatase Fusion Proteins

Anal Biochem. 1997 Apr 5;247(1):143-51. doi: 10.1006/abio.1997.2040.


Sixteen-amino-acid-long peptides, corresponding to the optimal ligand preferences of the Src homology 3 (SH3) domains of Abl, Cortactin, Crk, p53BP2, and Src, were fused to the N-terminus of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase (AP). These secreted fusion proteins have been used as one-step detection probes of peptide ligand-SH3 domain interactions on microtiter plates and membranes. The binding of both the class I and II SH3 ligand-AP fusion proteins to their targets is robust and specific in comparison to chemically synthesized biotinylated peptides, used either in monovalent or tetravalent formats. p53BP2 and Cortactin SH3 ligand-AP fusions have been used to screen a mouse embryo lambda cDNA expression library and resulted in the cloning of p53BP2 and several known proteins with SH3 domains similar to that of Cortactin, respectively. In addition, the approximately 60-amino-acid-long SH3 domains of Src and Abl were fused to AP and the resulting fusion proteins were found to bind specifically to their respective peptide ligands in microtiter plates and proteins containing proline-rich regions in screens of a lambda cDNA expression library. Thus, SH3 peptide ligand- and SH3 domain-AP fusion proteins are convenient and sensitive reagents for examining the specificity of SH3 domain-ligand interactions, identifying potentially interacting proteins, and establishing high-throughput screens of combinatorial chemical libraries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / chemistry
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / genetics
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Cortactin
  • DNA, Recombinant / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Microfilament Proteins / chemistry
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Probes
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / genetics
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Peptide Library
  • Protein Binding
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl / chemistry
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / chemistry
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • src Homology Domains*


  • Cortactin
  • Cttn protein, mouse
  • DNA, Recombinant
  • Ligands
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Molecular Probes
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptide Library
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl
  • Alkaline Phosphatase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U92477
  • GENBANK/U92478