3D localized in vivo 1H spectroscopy of human brain by using a hybrid of 1D-Hadamard with 2D-chemical shift imaging

Magn Reson Med. 1997 May;37(5):644-50. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910370503.


We report acquisition of 3D image-guided localized proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in the human brain on a standard clinical imager. 3D coverage is achieved with a hybrid of chemical shift imaging (CSI) and transverse Hadamard spectroscopic imaging (HSI). 16 x 16 x 4 arrays of 3.5 and 1 ml voxels were obtained in 27 min. The spatially selective HSI 90 degrees pulses incorporate naturally into a PRESS double spin-echo sequence to subdivide the VOI into four partitions along its short axis. 2D CSI (16 x 16) is performed along the other long axes. Because the hybrid excites the spins in the entire VOI, a square-root-N signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) gain per given examination time is realized compared with sequentially interleaving N 2D slices. A two-fold gain in sensitivity is demonstrated in the brain for N = 4.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Brain Chemistry*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*