The matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in pancreatic cancer. From molecular science to a clinical application

Int J Pancreatol. 1997 Feb;21(1):1-12. doi: 10.1007/BF02785914.


The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue-specific inhibitors (TIMPs) are described and their roles in tumor invasion and metastasis are reviewed. The expression and activity of the MMPs and TIMPs in pancreatic cancer is reported and illustrated with immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The role of MMP inhibitors (MMPIs) is reviewed in vivo and the use of novel MMPIs, e.g., BB94 (Batimastat) and BB2516 (Marimastat); in animal experiments are also described. Finally, the preliminary results from a phase 2 trial of BB2516 (Marimastat) in pancreatic cancer are reported.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gelatinases / physiology
  • Glycoproteins / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
  • Metalloendopeptidases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Metalloendopeptidases / physiology*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Proteins / physiology*
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases


  • Glycoproteins
  • Proteins
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
  • Gelatinases
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2