Involvement of aspartate/glutamate antiporter in fatty acid-induced uncoupling of liver mitochondria

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Apr 11;1319(2-3):251-7. doi: 10.1016/s0005-2728(96)00166-1.

Abstract

Effects of aspartate, glutamate and an inhibitor of the aspartate/glutamate antiporter, diethylpyrocarbonate (DEPC), on uncoupling of the energy transduction processes in rat liver mitochondria have been investigated. It is found that both the antiporter substrates and the antiporter inhibitor operate as recouplers when uncoupling is caused by free fatty acids (FFA). Recoupling consists in (1) partial inhibition of the FFA-stimulated respiration and (2) some increase in the membrane potential. Half-maximal effects are observed at concentrations of glutamate and aspartate close the K(m) values of the antiporter. Recouplings by glutamate (aspartate) and DEPC are not additive. On the other hand, recoupling by any of these compounds and carboxyatractylate or ADP appears to be additive. Uncoupling by dinitrophenol is less sensitive to the recouplers whereas that by FCCP is not sensitive at all. It is concluded that uncoupling by FFA in rat liver mitochondria is mediated not only by the ATP/ADP antiporter but also by the aspartate/glutamate antiporter.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Acidic*
  • Animals
  • Antiporters*
  • Aspartic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Diethyl Pyrocarbonate / pharmacology*
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / pharmacology*
  • Glutamic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Kinetics
  • Mitochondria, Liver / drug effects
  • Mitochondria, Liver / metabolism*
  • Oligomycins / pharmacology
  • Oxygen Consumption / drug effects*
  • Palmitic Acid / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Uncoupling Agents / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Acidic
  • Antiporters
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Oligomycins
  • Uncoupling Agents
  • aspartate-glutamate carrier
  • Palmitic Acid
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Diethyl Pyrocarbonate