PU.1 functions in a cell-autonomous manner to control the differentiation of multipotential lymphoid-myeloid progenitors

Immunity. 1997 Apr;6(4):437-47. doi: 10.1016/s1074-7613(00)80287-3.


Transcription factor PU.1 is required for the development of lymphoid and myeloid progenitors during fetal hematopoiesis. By generating chimeric animals using PU.1-/- ES cells or PU.1(-/-) hematopoietic progenitors, we demonstrate that PU.1 functions in an exclusively cell-autonomous manner to regulate the development of the lymphoid-myeloid system. Multipotential lymphoid-myeloid progenitors (AA4.1+, Lin-) are significantly reduced in PU.1(-/-) embryos and fail to differentiate into B lymphoid or myeloid cells in vitro. These results suggest that the lymphoid and myeloid lineages develop in the fetal liver from a common hematopoietic progenitor not shared with erythrocytes and megakaryocytes. Finally, the Ikaros gene is expressed in PU.1 mutant embryos, suggesting that PU.1 and Ikaros are independently required for specification of embryonic lymphoid cell fates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Cells*
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • Chimera / immunology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / cytology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / immunology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Erythrocyte Transfusion
  • Erythropoiesis / genetics
  • Erythropoiesis / immunology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation / immunology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Ikaros Transcription Factor
  • Lymphoid Tissue / cytology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology*
  • Radiation Chimera / immunology
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Zfpn1a1 protein, mouse
  • proto-oncogene protein Spi-1
  • Ikaros Transcription Factor