Risk predictors for re-abuse or re-neglect in a predominantly Hispanic population

Child Abuse Negl. 1997 Apr;21(4):379-89. doi: 10.1016/s0145-2134(96)00178-0.

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether risk indicators of re-abuse/re-neglect, identified in earlier research by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD), would be predictive in a predominantly Hispanic population.

Method: Data for 409 substantiated abuse/neglect cases, 67% involving Hispanic caretakers, were gathered from the files of the EI Paso Department of Protective and Regulatory Services. Potential indicators of re-abuse were recorded from the time of substantiation, and follow-up data were collected to determine whether re-abuse or re-neglect occurred during the 2 years following the index substantiation.

Results: Of 19 NCCD indicators, seven (37%) correctly predicted both allegations and substantiations of re-abuse/re-neglect during 2-year follow-up. An additional five items (26%) predicted subsequent allegations but not substantiations. Four items (21%) appeared clearly invalid. The remaining three items (16%) were questionable. When item scores were summed, total risk scores significantly predicted re-abuse/re-neglect.

Conclusions: The findings indicate that a substantial number of NCCD risk indicators can validly predict re-abuse/re-neglect in predominantly Hispanic populations in the United States.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology
  • Child Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Observer Variation
  • Parents*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recurrence