Germline and somatic mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the MET proto-oncogene in papillary renal carcinomas

Nat Genet. 1997 May;16(1):68-73. doi: 10.1038/ng0597-68.


Hereditary papillary renal carcinoma (HPRC) is a recently recognized form of inherited kidney cancer characterized by a predisposition to develop multiple, bilateral papillary renal tumours. The pattern of inheritance of HPRC is consistent with autosomal dominant transmission with reduced penetrance. HPRC is histologically and genetically distinct from two other causes of inherited renal carcinoma, von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) and the chromosome translocation (3;8). Malignant papillary renal carcinomas are characterized by trisomy of chromosomes 7, 16 and 17, and in men, by loss of the Y chromosome. Inherited and sporadic clear cell renal carcinomas are characterized by inactivation of both copies of the VHL gene by mutation, and/or by hypermethylation. We found that the HPRC gene was located at chromosome 7q31.1-34 in a 27-centimorgan (cM) interval between D7S496 and D7S1837. We identified missense mutations located in the tyrosine kinase domain of the MET gene in the germline of affected members of HPRC families and in a subset of sporadic papillary renal carcinomas. Three mutations in the MET gene are located in codons that are homologous to those in c-kit and RET, proto-oncogenes that are targets of naturally-occurring mutations. The results suggest that missense mutations located in the MET proto-oncogene lead to constitutive activation of the MET protein and papillary renal carcinomas.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Germ-Line Mutation
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Kidney Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics*
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • MAS1 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/A33902
  • GENBANK/J02958
  • GENBANK/X15262
  • GENBANK/X70040