Asbestosis and silicosis

Lancet. 1997 May 3;349(9061):1311-5. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)07336-9.


Interstitial fibrosis resulting from workplace exposure to asbestos and crystalline silica persists throughout the world despite knowledge of the causes and effective means for prevention. Asbestosis and silicosis occurrence is predictable among people overexposed to dusts in various industries and occupations such as mining, construction, manufacturing, and building maintenance. Asbestosis and silicosis are incurable and may be progressive even after dust exposure has ceased, therefore early recognition and supportive interventions are important. Although current disease is a result of past exposures, effective control of current workplace exposures is the only way to prevent continued occurrence of these potentially debilitating diseases. Physicians can contribute to this effort through accurate diagnosis and disease reporting.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Asbestosis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Asbestosis* / etiology
  • Asbestosis* / mortality
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / etiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology
  • Mesothelioma / etiology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Radiography
  • Risk Factors
  • Silicosis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Silicosis* / etiology
  • Silicosis* / mortality