cDNA cloning, heterologous expression, and characterization of mouse CYP2G1, an olfactory-specific steroid hydroxylase

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Apr 15;340(2):208-14. doi: 10.1006/abbi.1997.9899.


CYP2G1 is expressed specifically in the olfactory mucosa in rabbits and rats. In the present study, a full-length cDNA for mouse CYP2G1 was obtained using a PCR approach with RNA preparations from the olfactory mucosa of C57BL/6 mice. Sequence comparisons indicated that mouse CYP2G1 is highly homologous in deduced amino acid sequence to rabbit (82.4% identity) and rat CYP2G1 (94.9% identity). RNA blot and immunoblot analyses indicated that mouse CYP2G1 is expressed only in the olfactory mucosa. The coding region of the mouse CYP2G1 cDNA was cloned into a baculoviral expression vector for heterologous production of the enzyme in cultured insect cells. Heterologously expressed mouse CYP2G1 was active in a reconstituted system toward testosterone and progesterone, producing all the major metabolites detected in olfactory microsomal reactions, including 15 alpha-, 15 beta-, and 2 beta-hydroxytestosterone from testosterone and two unidentified metabolites from progesterone. Kinetic analysis indicated that mouse CYP2G1 has relatively high affinities toward the steroid substrates, with K(m) values in the micromolar range for both testosterone and progesterone. At a substrate concentration of 10 microM, microsomes of olfactory mucosa had much higher turnover numbers toward testosterone and progesterone than hepatic microsomes, consistent with the olfactory-specific expression of a high-affinity sex steroid hydroxylase. These findings will facilitate further molecular genetics studies on the biological function of CYP2G1 in a mouse model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microsomes / enzymology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Olfactory Mucosa / enzymology*
  • Progesterone / metabolism
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / genetics*
  • Testosterone / metabolism


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Testosterone
  • Progesterone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Steroid Hydroxylases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • cytochrome P-450 CYP2G1

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L81171