Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) induces the production of antinucleolar antibodies (ANucA) in susceptible strains of mice. Responder strains bearing the H-2(5) haplotype as well as several ANucA resistant strains have been shown to develop renal immune complex deposits after HgCl2 treatment. Sera obtained throughout 12 to 16 weeks of HgCl2 treatment from mice of four ANucA responder strains (A.SW/SnJ, A.CA/SnJ, DBA/1J, and P/J) and one ANucA-resistant strain (C57BL/10SnJ) were examined for ANucA production. Terminal sera were also tested for the presence of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies, and the kidneys were examined for the deposition of IgG and C3. Only one strain, A.SW, developed significant deposits of IgG in the renal glomeruli, although all four responder strains exhibited similar ANucA induction/production profiles. The differences seen by direct immunofluorescence assay (IFA) in renal immune complex deposition between the A.SW and histocompatibility congenic A.CA mice were corroborated by individually eluting and then quantitating the deposited IgG from renal tissues of Hg-treated A.SW and A.CA mice as well as control A.SW mice. The average amount of IgG eluted from A.SW renal tissue was significantly greater than that eluted from either A.CA or control A.SW renal tissues. All eluates from Hg-treated animals gave only a nucleolar fluorescence pattern when assayed by indirect IFA against a panel of rat organ tissues. In summary, no correlation was found between ANucA production and renal IgG deposition in response to treatment with HgCl2.