Workplace conditions, socioeconomic status, and the risk of mortality and acute myocardial infarction: the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study

Am J Public Health. 1997 Apr;87(4):617-22. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.4.617.


Objectives: This study investigated whether the association between workplace conditions and the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and acute myocardial infarction differed by socioeconomic status.

Methods: Prospective data were used to examine these associations in 2297 Finnish men, with adjustment for prevalent diseases and biological, behavioral, and psychosocial covariates, and stratified by employment status and workplace social support.

Results: Elevated age-adjusted relative hazards for all-cause mortality were found for men who reported high demands, low resources, and low income; high demands, high resources, and low income; and low demands, high resources, and low income. Similar patterns were found for cardiovascular mortality. In contrast, elevated age-adjusted relative hazards for acute myocardial infarction were observed only in men who reported high demands, low resources, and low income. These results did not differ by level of workplace social support or employment status.

Conclusions: The negative effects of workplace conditions on mortality and of myocardial infarction risk depended on income level and were largely mediated by known risk factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality*
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Work*
  • Workplace