Unusual causes of mesenteric ischemia

Surg Clin North Am. 1997 Apr;77(2):471-502. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6109(05)70562-4.


Although complications of generalized atherosclerosis most commonly cause intestinal ischemia, a number of unusual causes may be responsible. These unusual causes can be grouped into six major categories: (1) mechanical, (2) drugs, (3) hematologic, (4) endocrine, (5) vasculopathies, and (6) miscellaneous. Morbidity and mortality rates remain high because these rare diseases frequently go unrecognized until patients suffer adverse outcomes. A high index of suspicion may decrease the delay in diagnosis of mesenteric ischemia caused by these disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications
  • Carcinoid Tumor
  • Celiac Artery
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / chemically induced
  • Ischemia / etiology*
  • Mesenteric Arteries* / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplastic Cells, Circulating
  • Neurofibromatoses / complications
  • Radiography
  • Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / complications
  • Sigmoid Neoplasms / complications
  • Thromboangiitis Obliterans / complications


  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin