Marked elevation of hypusine formation activity on eukaryotic initiation factor 5A in v-HA-RAS transformed mouse NIH3T3 cells

Cancer Lett. 1997 May 19;115(2):235-41. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(97)04741-1.


Hypusine formation on the eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) precursor is ubiquitously present in eukaryotic cells and archebacteria. In this reaction, deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the conversion of one unique lysine residue on eIF-5A to deoxyhypusine using spermidine as the substrate. Hydroxylation of the deoxyhypusine residue completes hypusine formation on eIF-5A. Hypusine formation activity can be measured by an in vitro labeling technique in polyamine-depleted cells. In addition, an in vitro cross-labeling assay can be employed to measure simultaneously the relative deoxyhypusine synthase activity and protein substrate amount. Using these approaches, together with Western blot analysis, we showed that hypusine formation activity is serum-responsive and significantly elevated in Ras oncogene transfected NIH3T3 cells as compared to NIH3T3 cells. The large difference, >30-fold, in hypusine formation activity between these two cells is mainly due to difference in the amount of newly synthesized eIF-5A precursor rather than deoxyhypusine synthase. The deoxyhypusine synthase activity is about three-fold higher in Ras-3T3 cells than in 3T3 cells, and remains constant throughout serum stimulation in both cells. Despite the significant difference in eIF-5A protein amounts, the eIF-5A mRNA levels in 3T3 cells and in Ras-3T3 cells are almost identical. Furthermore, unlike serum-dependent increase in eIF-5A precursor protein, the eIF-5A mRNA in both cells is constitutively expressed after serum stimulation, suggesting that eIF-5A gene is regulated at posttranscriptional/translational level during serum stimulation and cell transformation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells / drug effects
  • 3T3 Cells / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic*
  • Eflornithine / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression
  • Lysine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Lysine / biosynthesis
  • Mice
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras) / pharmacology*
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors / metabolism
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / biosynthesis*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Spermidine / metabolism


  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A
  • hypusine
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors
  • deoxyhypusine synthase
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras)
  • Lysine
  • Spermidine
  • Eflornithine