A Non-Invasive Method for Studying in Vivo Carpal Kinematics

J Hand Surg Br. 1997 Apr;22(2):147-52. doi: 10.1016/s0266-7681(97)80050-2.

Abstract

Seven uninjured and three injured patients were studied using midsagittal computed tomographic (CT) images at 10 degrees increments from full extension to full flexion. Each injured patient had a confirmed scapholunate ligament tear and normal radiographs. CT bony contours were digitized, and incremental motion determined using a specifically designed automated contour-matching algorithm. We expressed wrist motion as a ratio of lunocapitate (midcarpal) motion, and radiolunate (radiocarpal) motion. In normal wrists, motion occurred equally at the midcarpal and radiocarpal joints. In wrists with scapholunate ligament disruption, lunocapitate motion increased significantly throughout the arc of motion.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Carpal Bones / diagnostic imaging
  • Carpal Bones / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries*
  • Movement / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Wrist Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Wrist Injuries / physiopathology*