Histone deacetylase activity is required for full transcriptional repression by mSin3A

Cell. 1997 May 2;89(3):341-7. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80214-7.

Abstract

Members of the Mad family of bHLH-Zip proteins heterodimerize with Max to repress transcription in a sequence-specific manner. Transcriptional repression by Mad:Max heterodimers is mediated by ternary complex formation with either of the corepressors mSin3A or mSin3B. We report here that mSin3A is an in vivo component of large, heterogeneous multiprotein complexes and is tightly and specifically associated with at least seven polypeptides. Two of the mSin3A-associated proteins, p50 and p55, are highly related to the histone deacetylase HDAC1. The mSin3A immunocomplexes possess histone deacetylase activity that is sensitive to the specific deacetylase inhibitor trapoxin. mSin3A-targeted repression of a reporter gene is reduced by trapoxin treatment, suggesting that histone deacetylation mediates transcriptional repression through Mad-Max-mSin3A multimeric complexes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured / enzymology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / physiology
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Histone Deacetylases / genetics*
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Peptides*
  • Rabbits
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics*
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism*
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Transcription, Genetic / physiology*

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Peptides
  • Repressor Proteins
  • SIN3A transcription factor
  • Transcription Factors
  • trapoxin A
  • Histone Deacetylases