The expression of RET and its multiple splice forms in developing human kidney

Oncogene. 1997 Apr 17;14(15):1811-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1201016.


A series of inductive events between two different cell groups, the ureteric bud epithelium and metanephric mesenchyme, gives rise to the functional mammalian kidney. These reciprocal inductive interactions involve a number of molecules, one of which is the RET receptor tyrosine kinase. The phenotype of mice lacking functional RET includes kidney agenesis or severe dysgenesis, indicating a requirement for RET in kidney organogenesis. To investigate RET expression in human kidney development, we used a semi-quantitative RT-PCR-based strategy to examine a panel of kidney RNA samples ranging from 8-24 weeks gestational age. We found RET expression was highest earlier in development (14 weeks) with expression decreasing through to 24 weeks gestation. While three alternative RET transcripts generated by exon skipping at the 5' end of the gene were all detected throughout kidney development, expression of one transcript, RET2/6, where exon 2 was spliced to exon 6, varied relative to full length RET during this period. Levels of RET2/6 were highest at the earliest age of fetal kidney examined (8 weeks) and decreased relative to all other RET transcripts to low adult levels. The period of high expression coincides with a period of rapid bud bifurcation. Thus, it is possible that RET2/6 has a role in the early growth and differentiation of the human kidney.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing*
  • Binding Sites
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Humans
  • Kidney / embryology*
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret
  • RNA / genetics
  • RNA / metabolism
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / biosynthesis*
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / genetics
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Ret protein, Drosophila