Identification of rat yolk sac target protein of teratogenic antibodies, gp280, as intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor

J Clin Invest. 1997 May 15;99(10):2317-22. doi: 10.1172/JCI119411.


Previous studies in the rat have shown that antibodies to gp280, a protein > 200 kD and closely associated with the early endocytic system can induce fetal malformations. Although gp280 is thought to act as a receptor, its ligand(s) is not known. In the current study, we report that purified gp280 from rat kidney, like the intrinsic factor-Cobalamin receptor (IFCR), binds to the intrinsic factor-cobalamin (IFCbl) complex with an association constant of 0.3 x 10(9) M-1 and mediates its internalization. Furthermore, antibodies raised to purified gp280 and IFCR inhibited the binding of IF-[57Co]Cbl complex to intestinal, renal, and yolk sac apical membranes and revealed a single identically sized protein on immunoblotting of the renal membranes. Both antibodies precipitated a single radiolabeled protein > 200 kD from cellular extract from [35S]methionine-labeled yolk sac epithelial cells, and antibody to gp280 inhibited the uptake and internalization of 125IF-Cbl. Immunoelectron microscopy using the two antibodies revealed that in the kidney, both proteins were colocalized. These observations suggest that IF-Cbl complex is a ligand for gp280 and that gp280 and IFCR are identical proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / toxicity*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intestinal Mucosa / physiology
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Kinetics
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Molecular Weight
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / immunology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / isolation & purification
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology*
  • Teratogens*
  • Yolk Sac / physiology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Teratogens
  • intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor