Mitogen-activated protein kinases activate the serine/threonine kinases Mnk1 and Mnk2

EMBO J. 1997 Apr 15;16(8):1909-20. doi: 10.1093/emboj/16.8.1909.

Abstract

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases bind tightly to many of their physiologically relevant substrates. We have identified a new subfamily of murine serine/threonine kinases, whose members, MAP kinase-interacting kinase 1 (Mnk1) and Mnk2, bind tightly to the growth factor-regulated MAP kinases, Erk1 and Erk2. MNK1, but not Mnk2, also binds strongly to the stress-activated kinase, p38. MNK1 complexes more strongly with inactive than active Erk, implying that Mnk and Erk may dissociate after mitogen stimulation. Erk and p38 phosphorylate MNK1 and Mnk2, which stimulates their in vitro kinase activity toward a substrate, eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF-4E). Initiation factor eIF-4E is a regulatory phosphoprotein whose phosphorylation is increased by insulin in an Erk-dependent manner. In vitro, MNK1 rapidly phosphorylates eIF-4E at the physiologically relevant site, Ser209. In cells, Mnk1 is post-translationally modified and enzymatically activated in response to treatment with either peptide growth factors, phorbol esters, anisomycin or UV. Mitogen- and stress-mediated MNK1 activation is blocked by inhibitors of MAP kinase kinase 1 (Mkk1) and p38, demonstrating that Mnk1 is downstream of multiple MAP kinases. MNK1 may define a convergence point between the growth factor-activated and one of the stress-activated protein kinase cascades and is a candidate to phosphorylate eIF-4E in cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases*
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases*
  • Mitogens / pharmacology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Organ Specificity
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

Substances

  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mitogens
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Serine
  • MKNK1 protein, human
  • Mknk1 protein, mouse
  • Mknk2 protein, mouse
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • MKNK2 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • MAP2K1 protein, human
  • Map2k1 protein, mouse
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases