Alteration in the expression of endothelial cell integrin receptors alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 6 beta 1 after in vitro infection with a clinical isolate of human cytomegalovirus

Arch Virol. 1997;142(1):125-38. doi: 10.1007/s007050050063.


Human cytomegalovirus infection of human umbilical vein endothelial cells reduces the ability of these cells to bind to fibronectin, collagen type IV and laminin. This suppression requires active virus, since UV-inactivated virus did not alter the binding ability of these cells to adhere to fibronectin, collagen type IV, and laminin. In an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanism of this altered interaction, the surface expression of alpha 5 beta 1, alpha 2 beta 1, alpha 3 beta 1, and alpha 6 beta 1 integrins on cytomegalovirus-infected endothelial cells was examined using attachment inhibition assay and flow cytometric analysis. The results presented here show that infection with human cytomegalovirus selectively alters the expression of integrin on human endothelial cells, with the ability to induce downregulation of alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 (p = 0.001) and p = 0.03, respectively), while significantly upregulating alpha 6 beta 1 (p = 0.03), and marginally upregulating alpha 3 beta 1 (p = 0.05).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / metabolism*
  • Cytomegalovirus*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism
  • Endothelium, Vascular / virology*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Integrin alpha6beta1
  • Integrins / biosynthesis*
  • Receptors, Collagen
  • Receptors, Fibronectin / biosynthesis*


  • Integrin alpha6beta1
  • Integrins
  • Receptors, Collagen
  • Receptors, Fibronectin