Invasive fungal infections are a complication of allogeneic BMT. We report the first case of a Neosartorya fischeri fungal infection in a patient following allogeneic BMT. Neosartorya fischeri is related to Aspergillus fumigatus, but it is a distinct fungal species. Despite granulocytic engraftment and aggressive anti-fungal therapy with amphotericin B, the patient died of overwhelming fungal infection on day 60 post-BMT. Neosartorya fischeri is a pathogen that grows slowly in culture which can delay or confuse identification. This case further supports the need for more effective prophylaxis and treatment of non-Candida fungal infections in the allogeneic BMT population.