Characterization of VPS41, a gene required for vacuolar trafficking and high-affinity iron transport in yeast

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 May 27;94(11):5662-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.94.11.5662.


Mutations in the yeast gene VPS41 give rise to poor growth on low iron medium, severe alterations in vacuolar morphology, and cause the missorting of membranous and soluble vacuolar proteins. Our studies predict that VPS41 encodes a hydrophilic protein of 992 amino acids that contains no obvious signal sequence or hydrophobic domains. The deduced Vps41p sequence contains a domain rich in glutamic and aspartic residues, as well as a domain with resemblance to a region of clathrin heavy chain. We have also identified and sequenced putative VPS41 homologues from Caenorhabditis elegans, plants, and humans. The VPS41 homologues (but not the yeast VPS41 itself) contain a conserved cysteine-rich RING-H2 zinc finger at their COOH termini. Biochemical experiments suggest that VPS41 functions in post-Golgi protein processing: the deletion mutant exhibits defective high affinity transport due to impaired Fet3p activity and also exhibits defects in the processing and sorting of multiple vacuolar hydrolases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Fungal*
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors / metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / ultrastructure
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Vacuoles / physiology*
  • Vacuoles / ultrastructure
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • NPL3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • VPS41 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins
  • Iron
  • 4-phenylenediamine oxidase
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U86662
  • GENBANK/U86663