Methscopolamine bromide blocks hypothalamic-stimulated release of growth hormone in ewes

J Anim Sci. 1997 May;75(5):1359-62. doi: 10.2527/1997.7551359x.

Abstract

Twenty-five nonlactating ewes were used to test the hypothesis that methscopolamine bromide (MB) blocks secretion of growth hormone (GH) by affecting hypothalamic rather than pituitary mechanisms. Ewes were randomly assigned to receive a s.c. injection of 96 mg of MB or 2 mL of saline at min = 0. Saline-treated ewes were assigned to receive a subsequent (at +60 min) i.v. injection of 10 microg of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) to test pituitary responsiveness or .3 mg of clonidine to test hypothalamic responsiveness. Methscopolamine bromide-treated ewes were assigned to receive a subsequent (at +60 min) i.v. injection of 10 microg of GHRH, .3 mg of clonidine, or 2 mL of saline. Jugular blood samples were collected at 10-min intervals from -120 min to +240 min, and serum concentrations of GH were quantified with a RIA. No difference was detected in serum concentrations of GH with respect to MB vs saline treatment (P = .20). Concentrations of GH increased in saline-pretreated ewes following injections of clonidine or GHRH (P < .01). Treatment of ewes with MB, however, limited the ability of clonidine-induced mechanisms to increase concentrations of GH, but did not affect pituitary responsiveness to GHRH (P < .01). These data support the hypothesis that MB inhibits hypothalamic and not pituitary mediated mechanisms that regulate the secretion of GH.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic alpha-Agonists / administration & dosage
  • Adrenergic alpha-Agonists / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Clonidine / administration & dosage
  • Clonidine / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism*
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / administration & dosage
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / pharmacology
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / physiology
  • Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / drug effects
  • Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / physiology
  • Hypothalamus / drug effects*
  • Hypothalamus / physiology
  • Injections, Intravenous / methods
  • Injections, Intravenous / veterinary
  • Injections, Subcutaneous / methods
  • Injections, Subcutaneous / veterinary
  • N-Methylscopolamine
  • Parasympatholytics / administration & dosage
  • Parasympatholytics / pharmacology*
  • Radioimmunoassay / methods
  • Radioimmunoassay / veterinary
  • Random Allocation
  • Scopolamine Derivatives / administration & dosage
  • Scopolamine Derivatives / pharmacology*
  • Sheep / blood
  • Sheep / metabolism*
  • Sheep / physiology
  • Somatostatin / physiology

Substances

  • Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
  • Parasympatholytics
  • Scopolamine Derivatives
  • Somatostatin
  • Growth Hormone
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
  • Clonidine
  • N-Methylscopolamine