Calciphylaxis in a patient with Crohn's disease in the absence of end-stage renal disease

Am J Kidney Dis. 1997 May;29(5):773-6. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(97)90133-5.

Abstract

Calciphylaxis is a rare and life-threatening condition of progressive cutaneous necrosis secondary to small and medium-sized vessel calcification previously described in patients with end-stage renal disease and hyperparathyroidism. Early diagnosis may be important in improving the poor outcome in these patients since early intervention may forestall the development of life-threatening complications. We describe a patient with Crohn's disease complicated by short-bowel syndrome and modest renal insufficiency (not requiring renal replacement therapy) who developed calciphylaxis. It appears that longstanding Crohn's disease and the short-bowel syndrome accelerated the development of calciphylaxis as the chronic renal disease was not end stage. Considering the possibility of calciphylaxis in this setting may avoid delaying the diagnosis and its consequences.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calciphylaxis / diagnosis
  • Calciphylaxis / etiology*
  • Calciphylaxis / surgery
  • Colectomy
  • Crohn Disease / complications*
  • Crohn Disease / surgery
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Short Bowel Syndrome / complications