Direct molecular genetic diagnosis and heterozygote identification in X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy by heteroduplex analysis

Dis Markers. 1997 Apr;13(2):77-86.


X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EMD) is a very rare, relatively benign muscle disorder. The disease is associated with potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmias in affected males and some heterozygous females. X-linked EMD can be genetically distinguished from phenotypically similar autosomal EMD. Heterogenic mutations are identified as the cause of X-linked EMD. We introduced heteroduplex analysis to follow the segregation of heterogenic emerin gene mutations in the families of six unrelated EMD patients. Heteroduplex analysis was proved to be a simple, fast and reliable tool for direct molecular genetic diagnosis of EMD in male patients and identification of heterozygotes even in families where affected males are not available as index cases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Genetic Carrier Screening / methods*
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscular Dystrophies / diagnosis*
  • Muscular Dystrophies / etiology
  • Muscular Dystrophies / genetics*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes / chemistry*
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Thymopoietins / genetics
  • X Chromosome / chemistry*


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • Thymopoietins
  • emerin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X86810