Localization of expression of KNAT3, a class 2 knotted1-like gene

Plant J. 1997 Apr;11(4):853-61. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.1997.11040853.x.


KNAT3 is a class 2 kn1-like gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. The RNA expression patterns of KNAT3 were characterized through the use of promoter-GUS fusion analysis and in situ hybridization. KNAT3 is expressed in several tissues and at several times during development. There are three main expression patterns: (1) during early organ development in young leaves, buds and pedicels; (2) at and near the junction between two organs at specific times during development, including the hypocotyl-root boundary in young seedlings, the anther-filament junction in mature flowers, and the ovule-funiculus and peduncle-silique boundaries in elongating siliques; and (3) in maturing tissues such as the style of elongating siliques, the petioles of maturing leaves, and most of the root. The varied expression patterns may indicate that KNAT3 plays several different roles in plants, depending on when and where it is expressed. Previous work on KNAT3 (Serikawa et al., 1996) indicated that expression of its RNA is regulated by light. Promoter-GUS seedlings were grown under different light conditions (continuous white, red and far-red light) to examine more closely the light regulation of the KNAT3 promoter. Continuous white light resulted in stronger overall GUS staining in the same patterns seen in seedlings grown under long-day conditions (cotyledons, upper hypocotyl and roots). Continuous red light resulted in reduced GUS expression in those same tissues. Continuous far-red light led to seedlings showing stronger staining in the hypocotyl and cotyledons than red light-grown plants but no staining in the roots. Thus, the KNAT3 promoter responds differently to red and far-red light.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / radiation effects
  • Genes, Plant* / radiation effects
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Light
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • RNA, Plant / genetics
  • RNA, Plant / metabolism


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • KNAT3 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Plant Proteins
  • RNA, Plant