The Placental Pathology Practice Guideline Development Task Force, a multidisciplinary group, has prepared this guideline to assist those involved with placental examination. It provides recommendations related to indications and methods for placental examination as well as sample worksheets. An algorithm for the handling of placentas summarizes the recommendations of the guideline. A summary of specific findings of placental examination together with their pathogenesis and clinical associations is also provided. Recommendations related to reporting with sample reporting formats are included. The guideline is intended as an educational tool, and its use should be guided by the individual circumstances and care setting of specific cases.