The nucleotide sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome XVI

Nature. 1997 May 29;387(6632 Suppl):103-5.


The nucleotide sequence of the 948,061 base pairs of chromosome XVI has been determined, completing the sequence of the yeast genome. Chromosome XVI was the last yeast chromosome identified, and some of the genes mapped early to it, such as GAL4, PEP4 and RAD1 (ref. 2) have played important roles in the development of yeast biology. The architecture of this final chromosome seems to be typical of the large yeast chromosomes, and shows large duplications with other yeast chromosomes. Chromosome XVI contains 487 potential protein-encoding genes, 17 tRNA genes and two small nuclear RNA genes; 27% of the genes have significant similarities to human gene products, and 48% are new and of unknown biological function. Systematic efforts to explore gene function have begun.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Fungal*
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*


  • DNA, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U25840
  • GENBANK/U25842
  • GENBANK/U28371
  • GENBANK/U32445
  • GENBANK/U33335
  • GENBANK/U36624
  • GENBANK/U39205
  • GENBANK/U40828
  • GENBANK/U40829
  • GENBANK/U41849
  • GENBANK/U43281
  • GENBANK/U43503
  • GENBANK/U43703
  • GENBANK/U44030
  • GENBANK/U51033