Normal and transforming Ras are differently regulated for posttranslational modifications

J Cell Biochem. 1996 May;61(2):172-81. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-4644(19960501)61:2<172::aid-jcb2>;2-r.


Point mutation of the c-H-ras gene significantly increases cellular transforming activities of Ras. Since posttranslational modification and subsequent membrane localization are essential for the biological activities of Ras, we examined whether or not the mutation also affects these two factors. The normal (Gly(12)) or the transforming (Val(12)) c-H-ras gene was expressed in NIH3T3 cells using a metallothionein promoter. Expression of either type of Ras was efficiently induced by the cadmium treatment of these cells, and immunoprecipitation of metabolically labeled cell extracts revealed that both normal and transforming Ras were expressed as four differently migrating forms on SDS-polyacrylamide gels, two of which were slower migrating cytosolic precursors and the other two were faster migrating membrane-bound forms. There was no significant difference in half lives between normal and transforming Ras; however, posttranslational modification was quite different between the two types of Ras. Transforming Ras was processed and became membrane-bound forms much more efficiently than normal Ras. Interestingly, posttranslational modification and membrane localization of Ras was significantly inhibited when the c-myc oncogene was co-expressed with Ras. In contrast to the c-myc oncogene, expression of either wild type or mutant p53 did not affect the posttranslational modification of Ras, suggesting that the c-myc oncogene specifically impairs the posttranslational modification of Ras.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Genes, myc
  • Genes, p53
  • Genes, ras*
  • Mice
  • Point Mutation*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Transformation, Genetic*