Sequence-based typing (SBT) has become an important tool in the identification of HLA alleles. In this study a comparison was made between SBT of DRB1/3/4/5 alleles performed in two laboratories each using a different strategy for SBT. The laboratories in Utrecht and in Maastricht performed direct sequencing of PCR amplified genomic DNA from 30 selected samples. Primers and conditions for PCR amplification were different. Sequencing was either performed with T7 polymerase, using internal sequencing primers, or with cycle sequencing using an M13 tailed system. Two different automated DNA sequencers were used; the ALFexpress from Pharmacia and Applied Biosystems 373A. We concluded that nor the method of sequencing nor the sequencing machine influences typing results. However the PCR reaction used for generating template DNA is the most critical step. Different primers and different conditions can lead to false negative reactions. The fact that these false negative reactions can occur with different alleles in different combinations but not in all, implicates that extensive quality control is needed to assure correct typing results.