Does the Graduate Record Examination predict meaningful success in the graduate training of psychologists? A case study

Am Psychol. 1997 Jun;52(6):630-41. doi: 10.1037//0003-066x.52.6.630.


The authors consider the empirical validity of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) as a predictor of various kinds of performance in a graduate psychology program, including 1st- and 2nd-year grades; professors' ratings of students' dissertations; and professors' ratings of students' analytical, creative, practical, research, and teaching abilities. On the basis of the triarchic theory of intelligence, the GRE was predicted to be of some use in predicting graduate grades but of limited or no use in predicting other aspects of performance. In fact, the test was found to be useful in predicting 1st-year grades but not other kinds of performance, with one exception--performance on the GRE Analytical test was predictive, but only for men. The authors conclude that there is a need to develop better theory-based tests.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Educational Measurement / standards*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychology / education*
  • Psychology / standards
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • School Admission Criteria