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. 1997 Apr;68(2):97-103.
doi: 10.3109/17453679709003988.

Bone Mineral Density, Muscle Strength and Physical Activity. A Population-Based Study of 332 Subjects Aged 15-42 Years

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Bone Mineral Density, Muscle Strength and Physical Activity. A Population-Based Study of 332 Subjects Aged 15-42 Years

H Düppe et al. Acta Orthop Scand. .

Abstract

The aim of this population-based study was to find out whether differences in levels of physical activity have an influence on bone mass quantity and whether quadriceps muscle strength is a reliable determinant of bone mass. Included were 175 men and 157 women, aged 15-42 years. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at various sites by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and single photon absorptiometry (SPA). Muscle strength was assessed using an isokinetic muscle force meter. A questionnaire was used to estimate the level of physical activity. We found a positive correlation between physical activity and BMD for boys at the distal forearm and for girls at the trochanter (age group 15-16 years). Active men (age group 21-42 years) had up to 9% higher BMD levels at the hip than those who were less active. Quadriceps muscle torque was not an independent predictor of BMD. Our data suggest that a higher level of physical activity-within the limits of a "normal life style"-may have a positive effect on BMD in the proximal femur of young adults, which in turn may lessen the subsequent risk of fracture.

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