Analysis of CD80 and CD86 expression on peripheral blood B lymphocytes reveals increased expression of CD86 in lupus patients

Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1997 Jun;83(3):199-204. doi: 10.1006/clin.1997.4353.


We screened peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 13 SLE patients, all having quiescent disease at the time of analysis, 12 allergy patients, and 21 normal subjects for the expression of CD80 (B7-1) and CD86 (B7-2, B70) on small (resting) and large (activated) subsets of CD19+ B cells. The percentage of CD86+ cells was significantly higher in all B cell subsets in the SLE patients compared to either normal controls or allergy patients. No differences in the mean percentage CD86+ stained B cells (CD19+) were found when comparing the allergy patients and the normal controls. The percentage of CD80+ cells in the large activated B cell (CD19+) subset of the SLE patient population was significantly higher than in the comparable subset from the normal controls and the allergy patients. Comparison of the small resting B cell subset did not reveal a significant difference in CD80 expression between the normal controls, the allergy patients, and the SLE patients. Our findings suggest that the B7 family of molecules, and CD86 in particular, may reflect immunologic dysregulation in patients with autoimmune disease and may reflect a state facilitating heightened B cell activity and hypergammaglobulinemia that occur in active SLE.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies
  • Antigens, CD / blood*
  • Antigens, CD19 / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • B7-1 Antigen / blood*
  • B7-2 Antigen
  • Coloring Agents
  • Female
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate
  • Food Hypersensitivity / immunology
  • Humans
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / immunology
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood*
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / blood*
  • Middle Aged


  • Antibodies
  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, CD19
  • B7-1 Antigen
  • B7-2 Antigen
  • CD86 protein, human
  • Coloring Agents
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate