Famotidine for healing and maintenance in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-associated gastroduodenal ulceration

Gastroenterology. 1997 Jun;112(6):1817-22. doi: 10.1053/gast.1997.v112.pm9178671.


Background & aims: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are strongly associated with gastroduodenal ulceration. How to manage patients with NSAID-associated ulcers is a common clinical dilemma. High-dose famotidine in the healing and maintenance of NSAID-associated gastroduodenal ulceration was therefore evaluated.

Methods: One hundred four patients with rheumatoid or osteoarthritis who had gastroduodenal ulceration received famotidine, 40 mg twice daily. Sixteen patients stopped and 88 continued their NSAID treatment. Ulcer healing was assessed endoscopically at 4 and 12 weeks. Seventy-eight NSAID users with healed ulcers were then randomized to receive 40 mg twice daily famotidine or placebo and underwent endoscopy at 4, 12, and 24 weeks.

Results: Cumulative ulcer healing rates at 12 weeks were 89.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 82.3%-95.7%) for patients who continued NSAID treatment and 100% (95% CI, 82.9%-100.0%) for those who stopped. The subsequent estimated cumulative gastroduodenal ulcer relapse over 6 months for NSAID users who took placebo was 53.5% (95% CI, 36.6%-70.3%). This was reduced to 26.0% (12.1%-39.9%) in patients taking famotidine (P = 0.011).

Conclusions: High-dose famotidine is effective ulcer healing therapy in patients who stop or continue NSAID treatment and significantly reduced the cumulative incidence of gastroduodenal ulcer recurrence compared with placebo when given as maintenance therapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects*
  • Duodenal Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Duodenal Ulcer / drug therapy*
  • Famotidine / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptic Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Peptic Ulcer / drug therapy*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Famotidine