Selection and use of content experts for instrument development

Res Nurs Health. 1997 Jun;20(3):269-74. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1098-240x(199706)20:3<269::aid-nur9>;2-g.


Content experts frequently are used in the judgment-quantification stage of content validation of instruments. However, errors in instrumentation may arise when important steps in selecting and using these experts are not carefully planned. The systematic process of choosing, orienting, and using content experts in the judgment-qualification stage of instrument development is addressed, with particular attention to the often neglected, important step of familiarizing these experts with the conceptual underpinnings and measurement model of the instrument. An example using experts to validate content for a measure of caregiver burden is used to illustrate this stage of instrument review.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bias
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Nursing Research / instrumentation*
  • Peer Review, Research / methods*
  • Professional Competence*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*