Pharmacological interactions between serotonin and dopamine on behavior in the squirrel monkey

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1997 May;131(1):40-8. doi: 10.1007/s002130050263.


The behavioral effects of GBR 12909, a selective dopamine uptake inhibitor, were determined in squirrel monkeys trained to respond under a fixed-interval (FI) schedule of stimulus termination and a second-order schedule of IV drug self-administration. Intermediate doses of GBR 12909 increased FI response rate markedly, and the highest dose decreased response rate below control values. The 5HT uptake inhibitors, alaproclate and fluoxetine, and the 5HT agonist, quipazine, attenuated the behavioral-stimulant effects of GBR 12909, whereas the 5HT2A/2C antagonist, ritanserin, enhanced the behavioral-stimulant effects of the lowest dose. GBR 12909 reliably maintained self-administration, and ritanserin increased response rate maintained by the highest dose. The dopamine agonist, quinpirole, increased FI response rate in only one of three subjects, and ritanserin enhanced the behavioral-stimulant effects of quinpirole in that subject. The dopamine agonist, apomorphine, only decreased FI response rate, and ritanserin did not alter its behavioral effects. The pharmacological profile of GBR 12909 administered alone and in combination with selective 5HT drugs in the present study was similar to that obtained previously with cocaine, further demonstrating that 5HT can reliably modulate the behavioral effects of psychomotor stimulants with prominent dopaminergic actions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
  • Dopamine / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Interactions*
  • Male
  • Saimiri
  • Serotonin / pharmacology*


  • Serotonin
  • Dopamine