Immunohistochemical demonstration of GABAB receptors in the rat gastrointestinal tract

Neurochem Res. 1996 Feb;21(2):211-5. doi: 10.1007/BF02529137.


Immunohistochemical localization of GABA(B)-receptors was demonstrated in the rat gastrointestinal tract using a monoclonal antibody (GB-1) raised against the purified GABA(B)-receptor. Immunoreactive staining for GABA(B)-receptors was found in some populations of endocrine, muscular and neuronal components in the stomach and gut wall. Positive mucosal epithelial, probably endocrine, cells were distributed throughout the stomach and intestine. Double immunostaining indicated that such positive cells for GABA(B)-receptors often co-possessed serotonin in the small intestine but not in the gastric body. In the muscular layer of the digestive canal, positive staining was seen as dotty granules punctuated on the surface of muscle fibers. In the enteric nervous system, positive neuronal somata were found in both submucosal and myenteric ganglia throughout the entire canal extending from the stomach to the rectum. This is the first report to visualize the cellular localization of GABA(B)-receptors in the gastrointestinal system of the rat, and should provide a fundamental basis for future studies on gastrointestinal functions regulated by GABA(B)-receptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Digestive System / chemistry*
  • Gastric Mucosa / chemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intestinal Mucosa / chemistry
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, GABA-B / analysis*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Receptors, GABA-B