Integral membrane proteins of the nuclear envelope are dispersed throughout the endoplasmic reticulum during mitosis

J Cell Biol. 1997 Jun 16;137(6):1199-210. doi: 10.1083/jcb.137.6.1199.


We have analyzed the fate of several integral membrane proteins of the nuclear envelope during mitosis in cultured mammalian cells to determine whether nuclear membrane proteins are present in a vesicle population distinct from bulk ER membranes after mitotic nuclear envelope disassembly or are dispersed throughout the ER. Using immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscopy, we compared the localization of two inner nuclear membrane proteins (laminaassociated polypeptides 1 and 2 [LAP1 and LAP2]) and a nuclear pore membrane protein (gp210) to the distribution of bulk ER membranes, which was determined with lipid dyes (DiOC6 and R6) and polyclonal antibodies. We found that at the resolution of this technique, the three nuclear envelope markers become completely dispersed throughout ER membranes during mitosis. In agreement with these results, we detected LAP1 in most membranes containing ER markers by immunogold electron microscopy of metaphase cells. Together, these findings indicate that nuclear membranes lose their identity as a subcompartment of the ER during mitosis. We found that nuclear lamins begin to reassemble around chromosomes at the end of mitosis at the same time as LAP1 and LAP2 and propose that reassembly of the nuclear envelope at the end of mitosis involves sorting of integral membrane proteins to chromosome surfaces by binding interactions with lamins and chromatin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Membranes
  • Lamins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron
  • Mitosis
  • Nuclear Envelope / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Rats


  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Lamins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • NUP210 protein, human
  • Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nup210 protein, mouse
  • TOR1AIP1 protein, human
  • TOR1AIP1 protein, rat
  • lamina-associated polypeptide 2