We report on a 5-year-old boy with bilateral coloboma of iris, short stature, moderate developmental delay, and a few minor craniofacial anomalies. High-resolution GTG banding showed a small distal deletion of one chromosome 16 [del(16)(q23.1q24.2)]. Molecular refinement of the deletion breakpoints yielded that the proximal breakpoint at 16q23.1 is located between loci D16S395 (present) and D16S348 (absent). Comparison with previously published cases of deletion 16q demonstrated that the clinical phenotype is not a recognizable 16q- syndrome and different from the two cases of deletions of 16(q22.1 to q24.1) described by Callen et al. . Evidently, deletion 16(q23.1q24.2) has a milder phenotypic effect than other interstitial and distal 16q deletions.