Thanatophoric dysplasia (TD), a severe skeletal dysplasia, is virtually always lethal neonatally, although a few previous reports have documented survival up to 4.75 years. We present a patient with survival beyond age 9 years and summarize his growth, development and medical history. The common Arg248Cys mutation in the extracellular region of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) was identified, eliminating the possibility that his long-term survival is attributable to an atypical mutation. This patient (and at least one other TD long-term survivor) have a rare skin disorder, acanthosis nigricans, which also occurs in Crouzon syndrome when caused by a FGFR3 mutation. Therefore, any molecular model of the origin of acanthosis nigricans secondary to FGFR3 mutations must account for the association of diverse mutations and these cutaneous effects.