Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a well-recognized phenomenon that is attributed to a variety of etiologies. Sudden SNHL after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery has been well reported and is thought to be due to microemboli. However, a review of the English literature revealed only 15 cases of SNHL after general anesthesia for nonotologic surgery. Several etiologies for this loss have been suggested, but no proven pathogenesis is yet available. This report adds to the literature three additional cases of sudden SNHL after general anesthesia for nonotologic surgery. The literature is reviewed and proposed mechanisms of injury are discussed.